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By Julian Thomas

A complicated enclosure pointed out by means of aerial images at Dunragit Galloway, used to be proven by means of excavation to were of past due Neolithic date, and comprised 3 concentric bushes ramped post-rings, 120–300 m in diameter. the 2 outer post-rings each one comprised huge uprights interspersed with smaller participants, most likely forming a continuing palisade. every one was once a single-phase constitution and the posts had rotted out. the internal ring had principally been made from huge, freestanding posts, so much of which had rotted away, yet a few of which were intentionally got rid of, the post-holes being significantly greater than these of the 2 outer jewelry. the place posts have been pulled out, a few complex deposits were positioned within the crater left via the post-removal. The entrances to the post-rings are usually not aligned and the popular interpretation is that the monument as an entire had levels of building, in every one of which a trees circle was once surrounded by means of a palisade, and within which the center post-ring succeeded the outer, or vice-versa.

The enclosure were preceded via a post-defined cursus monument during which the entire publish have been burned in situ and various different post-holes have been positioned at the related axis because the cursus, extending past the monument itself.

The such a lot complex front, attached with the center post-ring, consists of 2 parallel traces of positive factors, possibly post-holes, establishing towards the south, and aligned on a wide earthen mound at Droughduil, four hundred m away. Droughduil Mote, notwithstanding recorded as a medieval motte, recollects the organization of varied very huge mounds with with henges or palisaded enclosures, as at Silbury Hill, Wiltshire. Excavation proven that it have been developed with stepped aspects, and stone cairn were developed on its summit. a sequence of optically encouraged luminescence dates at the accrued sand over the skin of the mound established that it used to be by no means medieval, and used to be most likely Neolithic in date.

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A Neolithic Ceremonial Complex in Galloway: Excavations at Dunragit and Droughduil, 1999–2002 by Julian Thomas

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